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​Popolation:    9,772,756

Country:         93,030 km2

 

Military Force:

Active personnel:      27,800 (2018)

Reserve personnel:   20,000 (2018)

 

MILENG COE Staff members:   1

 

HDF website: www.honvedelm.hu

 

              

​MILITARY ENGINEERS IN THE HUNGARIAN DEFENCE FORCES

As the First World War sapper colonel Ágost Jacobi defined more than 100 years ago: "Engineer soldiers are the people of a combatant family, which have not fought only with weapons in hand, but also with knowledge, special equipment, training, and ingenuity. It was the most faithful and essential companion of combat troops"

The First World War was a turning point in the history of the military engineer troops: the organization, the task and the tools have changed significantly. New tasks and new challenges have emerged; unprecedented destructive devices have been deployed. The military engineers faced these changes unprepared, but for that they could not prepare, they tried to resolve by ingenuity, perseverance and professional humility.

Due to the changing security environment and tasks arising from NATO and EU membership, the Hungarian Defence Force's (HDF) main priority is generating combat ready, rapid reaction, deployable, expeditionary military capabilities. Besides their expeditionary capabilities the HDF are also developing existing ones and reactivating recently cancelled where possible. The HDF are able to successfully meet different security challenges like disasters threatening the country's population or peace support operations conducted in faraway regions.

The MILENG is one of the main components of the Hungarian Defence Forces. They blend the military traditions with the requirements and capabilities of the modern age.

Type, organization and structure of MILENG

HDF has two direct subordinated regiments under the umbrella of the HDF Command (HDFC). The command and control of the land engineer units is the responsibility of Army Inspectorate of HDFC. The senior engineer officer of Army Inspectorate carries out studies, doctrine, analysis and lessons learned on all Engineer matters.

 

One of the biggest engineer units is the HDF 37th II. Rákóczi Ferenc Engineer Regiment in Szentes. Their main task is the direct support of maneuver units mainly for mobility, counter mobility and general engineering.

 

 

  

The HDF 1st Explosive Ordnance Disposal and River Flotilla Regiment is stationed in Budapest. Within the territory of Hungary all of the EOD incidents are military responsibility. Day after day, they deploy to neutralize the remnants of the Second World War. The unexploded explosive ordnances (UXOs) strewn around the country, including artillery shells, hand grenades, aerial bombs and different types of mines. They also guard and secure River Danube, the main waterway of the nation, and demine if needed. They are ready to neutralize conventional and regular types of UXOs as well as improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the favourite weapons of modern-day terrorism.

 

 

Beyond the two regiments the infantry brigades have sapper battalions to provide combat engineer support for them.

 

The HDF 5th Bocskai István Infantry Brigade, Operations Support Engineer Battalion is responsible for combat engineer support of the 5th brigade. In addition to its basic purpose, the battalion also performs other tasks such as providing sapper and engineer vehicle driving trainings for recruits, NCO and officer cadets, preparing exercise areas for national and multinational exercises in Hungary. The unit continuously contributes a general support company to the "TISA" Multinational Engineer Battalion.

 

 

 

 

 

 "TISA" Multinational Engineer Battalion is an engineering unit, intended to quickly respond to flooding and other natural disasters in the river Tisa basin, The unit was established in 2002 by Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine. Each member nation contributes a special engineer company to the battalion. Their "BLOND AVALANCHE" multinational disaster relief exercise is held annually.

 

 

The other arms regiments have company or platoon size engineer units subordinated.

 

The Hungarian Air Force has altogether three air bases, where engineer companies provide daily maintenance of the airfield operating surfaces, airfield markings and paintings, air safety related support operations, EOD service and airfield damage repair capabilities.

 

Experiences from deployments

Military Engineers have been deployed several times in support of Hungarian contingents and different coalitions during missions abroad under NATO umbrella showing the high and sound level of interoperability with other Nations.

Worth mentioning from the MILENG point of view the mission of the "Hungarian Engineer Contingent" in Bosnia and Hercegovina as part of the IFOR and SFOR forces, where they provided the freedom of movement for the whole theatre.

The Hungarian Engineer involvement resulted in:

  • 30 permanent bridges built, including wood bridges up to MLC 60;
  • 32 km fixed public road,
  • 65 km fixed railroad;
  • 100000 m2 area demined,

and the support to the renovation of the famous bridge of Mostar which connects the Christians and Muslims in the region.

 

The other significant mission was the ISAF, where HUN MILENG was able to adapt to the ever-changing battlefield and answer to the challenges especially countering the IED-s.

Lessons Learned from these missions and the ancestor`s hundreds of years of experience to meet the challenges of the future.

ENGINEER'S DAY

Since 1993, the Day of Military Engineering is celebrated on 25 April to commemorate the glorious moments of the Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-49. During the night - under the command of General Ignác Török -engineer soldiers built a bridge on the Danube River from ships, barges and necessities at the Battle of Komárom.  With this event they significantly contributed to the success of the battle.